Educational Activities

For those who want to learn more about pre-history

  • directed by archaeologists or other experts in heritage, using the most recent data provided by archaeology;

  • focused on the visitation of sites of excepcional importance and on the experimentation of the techniques, tools and raw materials used in pre-history; 

  • designed to share the knowledge in a way that is enriching and useful for the visitors but also exciting and fun. 

 

Guided Tour Almendres/Zambujeiro

Visit the Cromeleque of Almendres and the dolmen  of Zambuejiro with an archaeologist.

This guided tour seeks to educate about life in the Neolithic period by visiting some of the most important megalithic monuments in Europe: the Cromeleque and Menhir dos Almendres and the Dolmen of Zambujeiro. 

 

We seek to offer an in-depth archaeological framework on the periods and monuments we visit, including the technical, chronological and cultural aspects of their construction as well as different data on the daily lives of the people who built them.

 

In addition to these data on the physical world of the Neolithic communities, we also seek to share the different interpretations formulated by archaeologists on the world of art, ideas and beliefs of these our ancestors.

 

We will be talking about the moment when, after the end of the last ice age, Humanity learns to domesticate plants and animals and adopts a sedentary lifestyle. It is one of the biggest changes in our existence as a species, not only from an economic point of view but also socially and culturally.

 

Because all the monuments we visit are framed by a natural landscape that is also very special - the Montado - we try, complementarily, to give some context on the main species, such as the cork and holm oak as well as some of the fauna and flora that we find along the way.

  • Visited sites: Cromeleque and Menir of Almendres; Dolmen of Zambujeiro

  • Duration: around 3 hours

  • Languages: Portuguese, Spanish or English

  • Min Nº and Max Nº of people: 3px (or equivalent value) to 7 people per tour

  • Schegules: Morning (10h-13h); Afternoon (14h-17h)

  • Cost: 30€ per person

Reservation Request
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Workshop of Manual Pottery

Join us and make your own neolithic pottery!

In this Workshop you will learn about the theory, practice and archaeological context of manual pottery (made without a potter's wheel), culminating in the modeling, decoration and cooking of your own prehistoric reproduction.

 

The importance of ceramics for archeology and the study of prehistory is due to the fact that - together with stone - it consubstantiates most of the material culture that has survived over the millennia. It can provide important information about production techniques, the origin of raw materials and their different uses.

 

It is one of the first unnatural materials created by mankind and results from the combination of clay and non-plastic elements (such as fragments of quartz, bone, shells, or vegetable matter) in a paste that is modeled, dried and then cooked at high temperatures (above 650 º C) - a process that causes a chemical change in the modeled paste and makes it a much more resistant and impermeable material.

 

In this workshop you will have the opportunity to make your portfolio, model and decorate one or more prehistoric reproductions that will remain for you after cooking. Ceramics usually take about two weeks to dry (after shaping) before they can be baked. After drying, your pieces will be included in one of the sessions that we regularly do at the Interpretative Center and sent by post to your home.

  • Place: Interpretation Center of Almendres

  • Duração: around 2 hours

  • Languages: Portuguese, Spanish or English

  • Min. Nº of 3px (or equivalent value) and max. of 8px per workshop

  • Schegules: Morning (10h-12h); Afternoon (14h-16h)

  • Cost: 30€ per person (50% de discount for children up to 12 years of age)

  • NOTE: Each participant can take the pieces produced by himself right after the workshop or collectem them a few weeks later after dried and cooked (or receive them by mail at home).

Reservation Request
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Workshop of Flint Knapping

Join us and make your own neolithic arrow, from the head to the feathers!

The making of tools and utensils in stone is one of the oldest crafts of mankind. For most of our existence - about three million years - the mastery of this skill was vital for our survival.

 

It was the support used in most hunting weapons and tools for collecting, processing skins and vegetable fibers. , felling trees and building structures. It is the most dominant element in material culture that has survived to the present day and served as the basis for defining all periods of prehistory: the Paleolithic (ancient stone age), the Mesolithic (middle stone age), the Neolithic (new stone age) and Chalcolithic (stone and copper age).

 

In this workshop you will get to know the theory, the practice and the archaeological context of the stone cut. This is a technique that takes many years to learn and master so we will start with one of the most common and simple pieces: an arrowhead made from a flint chip.

 

In addition to the cut of the tip we will also talk about (and work) the glues, bandages, wood and feathers used in the preparation of arrows during prehistory. In the end, all participants will mount their own arrow with all the elements and have the opportunity to shoot it with a Neolithic bow. 

  • Place: Interpretation Center of Almendres

  • Duração: around 2 hours

  • Languages: Portuguese, Spanish or English

  • Min. Nº of 3px (or equivalent value) and max. of 8px per workshop

  • Schegules: Morning (10h-12h); Afternoon (14h-16h)

  • Cost: 30€ per person (50% de discount for children up to 12 years of age)

  • NOTE: Each participant can take the pieces produced by himself right after the workshop 

Reservation Request
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Workshop of Slate Plaques

Join Us and Learn How to make your own slate plaque!

Although their meaning remains largely an enigma, objects considered votive are, as a rule, of exceptional beauty and attractiveness and without apparent practical applicability.

 

For periods without writing, these are the "documents" available to archeology that allow us to suggest clues, not only about their economy, technology and aesthetics, but also about the ideas and beliefs of the societies that created them.

 

In this context, schist plates are objects of great artistic and symbolic wealth, typical of the Late Neolithic and Copper Age in the Southwest of the Iberian Peninsula. Usually rectangular or trapezoidal in polished schist (profusely decorated with geometric and anthropomorphic patterns) and with perforations at the top, so it is assumed that they were used around the neck, as pendants. This aspect has led many archaeologists to suggest that they represent a Neolithic deity, but more recent studies also suggest that the patterns may have served to represent the owner's family line.

 

In this workshop you will be learning about the archaeological context of the slate plaques but also about how they were carved, polished and decorated. You will have the opportunity to decorate two plaques (one small and one large) but you will also learn the basics of another technology: twisting rope with natural fibres. That will allow you to also make a proper string to use your smaller plaque.

Reservation Request
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  • Place: Interpretation Center of Almendres

  • Duração: around 2 hours

  • Languages: Portuguese, Spanish or English

  • Min. Nº of 3px (or equivalent value) and max. of 8px per workshop

  • Schegules: Morning (10h-12h); Afternoon (14h-16h)

  • Cost: 30€ per person (50% de discount for children up to 12 years of age)

  • NOTE: Each participant can take the pieces produced by himself right after the workshop 

 

Workshop of Pre-historic Weapons

Join us and learn how to shoot the Atlatl and the Bow!

Hunting and conflict are two activities that seem to accompany mankind since the dawn of prehistory. The need and ingenuity made the use of the same materials - wood, stone, bone and fibers - increasingly complex.

 

The wooden spears and the bifaces (multi-purpose tool in chipped stone) seem to have dominated the arsenal of our most distant ancestors. From the development of the first tools three million years ago, to the Upper Paleolithic (about 65,000 years ago), it has remained largely unchanged.

 

But during the end of the Palaeolithic, still in the midst of the last Ice Age, one of the most successful and widespread shooting systems in prehistory was developed - the spear tower or atlatl. This system allowed hunters of the late Palaeolithic to dominate their ecosystem and hunt the mega fauna of the time, such as aurochs, wild horses, woolly rhinos or mammoths.

 

However, it was after the end of the last Ice Age, with the deep ecological changes taking place, that the most important weapon in prehistory - the bow - gains traction. The new fauna that came after the Ice Age - smaller and faster - made the bow a much more suitable tool.

 

In this workshop you will learn about the theory and practice of these two weapons from prehistory with the opportunity to fire both and experiment with different types of projectiles and targets.

  • Place: Interpretation Center of Almendres

  • Duração: around 1 hour

  • Languages: Portuguese, Spanish or English

  • Min. Nº of 3px (or equivalent value) and max. of 8px per workshop

  • Schegules: Morning (10h-12h); Afternoon (14h-16h)

  • Cost: 10€ per person (50% de discount for children up to 12 years of age)

Reservation Request
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Sombra Legível Lda (OWNER OF THE TRADEMARK Ebora Megalithica)

eboramegalithica@gmail.com | +351 266 782 069

Rua do Cromeleque, Centro Interpretativo dos Almendres, Guadalupe, Évora  7000 - 222 (Alentejo, Portugal)